Fundamentals and principles of major manufacturing processes: casting, bulk deformation, sheet metalworking, powder metallurgy. Processing of polymers, ceramics, glass, rubber and composites. Metal cutting: cutting conditions, forces, temperatures, tool life, surface finish, coolants. Cutting tool materials. Principles, tools and process capabilities of basic machining operations: turning, milling, drilling, planning, shaping, boring, broaching. Gear manufacturing. Abrasive operations: grinding, finishing operations. Non-traditional processes. Basics of joining and assembling. Fusion and solid-state welding. Essentials of computer numerical control.