## Topic outline

• ### Topic 1

Introduction

Definition of microwaves. Application areas. The microwave spectrum. Household electronic components and their frequencies of operation. Electromagnetic spectrum.

• ### Topic 2

Transmission Lines

Circuit representation of TL's, time domain TL equations, Lossless line, transmission lines with sinusoidal excitations, Finite transmission Lines. Impedance transtormations, some special transformations on a lossles TL, some special transformations on a lossy TL. Impedance matching. The Smith chart.

• ### Topic 3

Waveguides

Definition of a Waveguide, classification of the modes of propagation, general solutions for TEM, TE and TM waves. Rectangular waveguides, TM modes, a separation of variables solution, propagation constant, cutoff frequency, the wave impedance, the guide wavelength, the phase velocity.